An inscription of Shapur I, Ardashir's son and immediate successor, apparently "includes in Eran regions such as Armenia and the Caucasus which were not inhabited predominantly by Iranians." In Kartir's inscriptions the high priest includes the same regions in his list of provinces of the antonymic Aneran. Both eran and aryan comes from the Proto-Iranian term Aryanam, (Land) of the (Iranian) Aryas. Tabriz is situated north of the volcanic cone of Sahand south of the Eynali mountain.The word and concept of Airyanem Vaejah is present in the name of the country Iran (Lit. Tabriz is the largest city in north-western Iran and is the capital of East Azarbaijan Province.
The political system of Iran, based on the 1979 Constitution, comprises several intricately connected governing bodies. It is the hub of the country's communication and transport network. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest continuous major civilizations, with historical and urban settlements dating back to 4000 BCE. Throughout history, Iran has been of geostrategic importance because of its central location in Eurasia and is a regional power. Iran is a founding member of the UN, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. The listed populations are from the 2006/07 (1385 AP) census. Tehran, with population of 7,705,036, is the largest city in Iran and is the Capital city. Tehran, like many big cities, suffers from severe air pollution. Iran borders Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Turkmenistan to the north, Afghanistan and Pakistan to the east, and Turkey and Iraq to the west. From 1950 to 2002 the urban proportion of the population increased from 27% to 60%. The United Nations predicts that by 2030 80% of the population will be urban. Most internal migrants have settled near the cities of Tehran, Isfahan, Ahvaz, and Qom. Shi'a Islam is the official religion, and Persian is the official language The 18th largest country in the world in terms of area at 1,648,195 km², Iran has a population of over seventy million. South Khorasan After the revolution, Shahyad Tower was renamed Freedom Tower Iran has one of the highest urban-growth rates in the world. The term Eran from Middle Persian Eran, Pahlavi 'yr'n, is found at the inscription that accompanies the investiture relief of Ardashir I at Naqsh-e Rustam. In this inscription, the king's appellation in Middle Persian contains the term eran (Pahlavi: 'ry'n), while in the Parthian language inscription that accompanies it, Iran is mentioned as aryan. The city also contains a wide variety of Islamic architectural sites ranging from the eleventh to the nineteenth century. ) in modern Persian derives from the Proto-Iranian term Aryanam first attested in Zoroastrianism's Avesta tradition. Ariya- and Airiia- are also attested as an ethnic designator in Achaemenid inscriptions. It's the centre of tourism in Iran and between 15 and 20 million pilgrims go to the Imam Reza's shrine every year. The other major Iranian city is Isfahan (population city: 1,986,542). The Naghsh-e Jahan Square in Isfahan has been designated by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.
n] (help·info) iran'), officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (Persian: ?????? Iran occupies an important position in international energy security and world economy as a result of of its large reserves of petroleum and natural gas. The name Iran is a cognate of Aryan, and means "Land of the Aryans". "Land of Kindness" (?????? ) is used as an alternative name for Iran in Persian literature and Iranian media. Contents [hide] 1 Etymology 2 Geography and climate 2.1 Provinces and Cities 3 History 3.1 Early history (3200 BCE–728 BCE) 3.2 Early Statehood (728 BCE–651 CE) 3.3 Middle Ages (652–1501) 3.4 Early Modern Era (1501–1921) 3.5 Late Modern Era(1921–) 4 Government and politics 5 Economy 5.1 Energy 5.2 Industrial production 6 Demography 7 Foreign relations and military 8 Culture 8.1 Language and literature 8.2 Art 9 Science and technology 10 Sports 11 See also 12 References 13 Further reading 14 External links Etymology Main article: Etymology of Iran See also: Iran naming dispute The term Iran (????? It is the second largest city and with a population of 2.8 million is the centre of the province of Razavi Khorasan.
The highest state authority is the Supreme Leader, currently Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. Mashhad is the second largest Iranian city and is one of the holiest Shi'a cities in the world as it is the site of the Imam Reza shrine.
Located in the heart of the Persian Gulf, an important oil-producing area, Iran is bounded by the Gulf of Oman to its south-east and the Caspian Sea to its north.
n]), formerly known internationally as Persia until 1935, is a country in Central Eurasia.
In Ardashir's time eran retained this meaning, denoting the people rather than the state. The growth of suburb area around the city has turned Isfahan to the second most populous metropolitan area.
Notwithstanding this inscriptional use of eran to refer to the Iranian peoples, the use of eran to refer to the geographical empire is also attested in the early Sassanid period. (Isfahan metro population; 3,430,353). The other majour Iranian cities are Karaj (population 1,732,275) Shiraz (population 1,711,1860) and Tabriz (population 1,597,312).