Girl to guy ratio on dating sites
There's been a lot of talk lately about how dating apps like Tinder are ruining romance.A 2015 Vanity Fair story claimed these apps are responsible for a growing hookup culture, where anonymous sex has replaced traditional romance, because they give straight young men the impression that there's a surplus of available women.
The Vanity Fair article quotes a psychologist who says that apps like Tinder contribute to "a perceived surplus of women" among straight men, which promotes more hookups and fewer traditional relationships.However, "This surplus of women is not just 'perceived' but very, very real," Birger writes.In his book "DATE-ONOMICS: How Dating Became a Lopsided Numbers Game," Birger argues that the college and post-college hookup scene is a result of the gender gap in college enrollment.About 34% more women than men graduated from American colleges in 2012, and the US Department of Education predicts this number will reach 47% by 2023.Among college-educated adults in the US aged 22 to 29, there are about 5.5 million women and 4.1 million men, according to the Census Bureau's American Community Survey.The Sex Ratio Question," describes how the balance of men and women has had a profound effect on society, from sexual norms to economic power.
When there's an excess of marriage-eligible men, research suggests, the dating culture — in which men are traditionally the active ones seeking partners, rather than the other way around — involves more romance, because men must compete for the attention of fewer women.
But when the ratio is skewed toward women, as with the college grads in this study, romantic interaction becomes more about sex, because men are in high demand and don't feel pressured to settle down.
"In other words, the dating pool for straight, millennial, college graduates has four women for every three men," Birger says.
Some research suggests that the gender ratio has a big influence on dating and marriage — women on campuses with more women and fewer men say they go on fewer dates but have more sex, for example.
A 2010 study of 986 unmarried, straight college women surveyed in 2001 found that women on campuses with more female than male students said they went on fewer conventional dates, were less likely to say they have had a college boyfriend, and were more likely to say they were sexually active than women from male-dominated campuses were.
The findings build on work by social psychologist Marcia Guttentag, whose book, "Too Many Women?